|Il 31 dicembre è entrata in vigore la Legge quadro sulle missioni militari all’estero di cui alla L. 21 luglio 2016 n. 145. Tale L. era stata prontamente pubblicata in Gazzetta Ufficiale fin dal 1̊ agosto; tuttavia ne era stata rimandata l’attuazione a fine anno, tranne la disposizione che riguarda l’integrazione del Copasir, ma solo per la legislatura in corso.
Dopo vari tentativi andati a vuoto, l’Italia si è dotata finalmente di una legge organica per l’invio di contingenti militari all’estero. È stata così eliminata una lacuna. Infatti il nostro ordinamento prevede solo la disciplina della “guerra”, cioè delle forme più macroscopiche di violenza.
2016 was full of major developments in European security. Moscow’s campaign against the Western democracies went beyond the DNC hack and interference in the US elections. Russia’s influence operations were also active across Europe, drawing particular concern in Germany and Sweden. NATO’s readiness problem remains a critical vulnerability, particularly among its maritime capabilities. The Alliance also faces a major geo-strategic challenge reinforcing its easternmost members through the Suwalki Gap. The creation of a new intelligence chief in NATO and another embarrassing spy case highlight the growing importance of intelligence issues to alliance members. The following ten stories reveal which issues our readers found most intriguing in 2016….CONTINUA A LEGGERE
Throughout his unorthodox presidential campaign, Donald Trump repeatedly criticized Washington’s European allies for failing to adequately contribute to NATO. Although the president-elect’s statements raised hackles in the United States and Europe, he did bring up important questions about whether the U.S.-established international order—with its global security guarantees—had disproportionally benefitted allies in Europe and Asia, all on the United States’ dime.
As a founding member of NATO, Norway is not one of those free riders Trump implicated. Norway has certainly benefitted from U.S. security guarantees and has, in the process, transformed itself from an impoverished nation, at the end of World War II, to one of the world’s richest today. But over the past few decades, Norway has prioritized its strategic relationship with Washington and now stands out as one of its most reliable allies.
For one, Norway has played a leadership role within NATO by providing stability and predictability to the North Atlantic, a vast region that also serves as a gateway for Russian nuclear submarines and warships capable of reaching the United Kingdom and continental Europe. Oslo has simultaneously established itself as a leader within NATO when it comes to burden-sharing; and yes, it also pays 50 percent of all costs related to U.S. tanks, armored vehicles, and other defense equipment stored in Norway as part of the Marine Corps Prepositioning Program–Norway agreement, which was reached in 2005 …continua a leggere
The incoming Trump administration faces serious counterterrorism challenges, which Bruce Hoffman argues in our cover article are as significant as any faced since the period around 9/11 with a strengthening global al-Qa`ida network posing the most serious long-term threat. With Islamic State- and al-Qa`ida-aligned groups present in more countries than ever before, Hoffman argues that a reconciliation at some point between the groups is not impossible, and with a large cohort of foreign fighters trained in Syria and Iraq available to them in the future, he stresses the United States urgently needs to reboot its counterterrorism strategy. Continua a leggere
(ANSA) – ROMA, 23 DIC
“Quanto avvenuto questa notte a Sesto San Giovanni non e’ un caso. E’ il frutto della professionalita’, del coraggio, della dedizione e dell’efficace coordinamento operativo dei nostri apparati di sicurezza. E’ la conferma che il dispositivo predisposto a tutela del nostro territorio funziona ed agisce avendo come priorita’ la sicurezza della popolazione”. Cosi’ il deputato Dem Andrea Manciulli, presidente della Delegazione italiana presso l’Assemblea parlamentare della Nato e curatore del rapporto Nato sul terrorismo jihadista che rivolge “a tutti gli uomini e le donne che stanno vigilando sulla sicurezza del Paese” il “piu’ sincero sentimento di gratitudine”. “La dinamica dei tragici fatti di Berlino – osserva – ci dice quanto sia sempre piu’ necessaria la collaborazione fra gli apparati di intelligence e di sicurezza dei Paesi europei. Ma la vicenda di Amis Amri, radicalizzatosi in carcere, obbliga tutti ad una ulteriore riflessione che, dopo l’iniziativa presa dalla presidenza del Consiglio, deve darci come obiettivo l’approvazione rapida della legge che abbiamo presentato alla Camera insieme a D’Ambruoso sul contrasto alla radicalizzazione, perche’ il tema del proselitismo nelle carceri, nelle scuole e nei luoghi di lavoro non puo’ essere questione secondaria. Ha ragione il ministro degli Interni Minniti, che in questi anni ha svolto un ruolo importante, a dirsi orgoglioso delle nostre forze di sicurezza, sapendo che in questo campo non bisogna e non si puo’ sottovalutare nulla”.(ANSA).
There remains a core agreement on certain key values but the EU is deeply divided on immigration, on Russia, and perhaps soon on the United States.
After years of flesh wounds, it feels as if the crises that have hit the EU in 2016 might now lead to catastrophic blood loss. The establishment unexpectedly lost in the Brexit referendum and the American elections; energetic centrist Matteo Renzi resigned as prime minister after losing a referendum in Italy; elections and primaries in Austria and France showed growing divisions in society; and in Hungary and Poland, increasingly illiberal governments are at odds with the European Commission …CONTINUA A LEGGERE
Harleen Gambhir – ISW
The Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) poses an evolving threat to the U.S., its allies, and its broader interests. Its approach to information warfare has represented a key component of its overall strategy, including during the period it has faced sustained pressure. ISIS has suffered significant setbacks on the ground, yet has demonstrated the ability to adapt.
ISIS will likely maintain the capacity to align its military and information operations (IO) in the coming years. Continuing conflicts and the plodding effort to address the underlying conditions where it has taken root will likely help ISIS retain physical sanctuary and command and control capability in Iraq, Syria, and North Africa, even if it loses control of major cities. Continua a leggere